ISTQB Question Paper 11

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Which of the following is true? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Testing is a part of quality assurance

Why is testing necessary?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -Because testing measures the quality of the software system and helps to increase the quality

Integration testing has following characteristics

i. It can be done in incremental manner

ii. It is always done after system testing

iii. It includes functional tests

v. It includes non-functional tests

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -I, III and IV are correct

Which of the following is correct about static analysis tools?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Compilers may offer some support for static analysis

In a flight reservation system, the number of available seats in each plane model is an input.

A plane may have any positive number of available seats, up to the given capacity of the plane.

Using Boundary Value analysis, a list of available – seat values were generated. Which of the following lists is correct?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 0, 1, capacity, capacity plus 1

For the code fragment given below, which answer correctly represents minimum tests required for statement and branch coverage respectively?

Discount rate=1;

Fare = 1000;

If ((person == “senior citizen”) and (“travel month = January”))

Bonuspoints = 100+Bonuspoints

If (class==”first”) discountRate = .5; Fare = fare * discountRate;

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Statement Coverage = 1, Branch Coverage = 2

Which of the following is correct about static analysis tools 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - They are used by developers only

Acme Inc. decides to use functional test execution automation tool for testing GUI of their product. The GUI is expected to change frequently. Acme Inc. has put some of the manual testers through a 3-day training program on how to use the tool. Which of the following is likely to be true? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Automation is likely to fail because of frequent changes and lack of experience

In foundation level syllabus you will find the main basic principles of testing. Which of the following sentences describes one of these basic principles? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - For a software system, it is not possible, under normal conditions, to test all input and output combinations.

Correct
Incorrect

In system testing...

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Both functional and non-functional requirements are to be tested

Which of the following activities differentiate a walkthrough from a formal review?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - For a walkthrough individual preparation by the reviewers is optional

Why does the boundary value analysis provide good test cases?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Because errors are frequently made during programming of the different cases near the ‘edges’ of the range of values

Which of the following list contains only non-functional tests?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Load testing, stress testing, component testing, portability testing

 

The following list contains risks that have been identified for a software product to be developed. Which of these risks is an example of a product risk?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Threat to a patient’s life

Which set of metrics can be used for monitoring of the test execution?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Number of test cases run / not run; test cases passed / failed

Which of the following statements is correct?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Stress testing tools examine the behaviour of the test object at or beyond full load

What makes an inspection different from other review types?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - It is led by a trained leader, uses formal entry and exit criteria and checklists

Which of the following is a valid collection of equivalence classes for the following problem: An integer field shall contain values from and including 1 to and including 15

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Less than 1, 1 through 15, more than 15

Which of the following is a valid collection of equivalence classes for the following problem: Paying with credit cards shall be possible with Visa, Master and Amex cards only.

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - No card, other cards, any of Visa – Master – Amex

Which of the following techniques are black box techniques? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Equivalence partitioning, state transition testing, decision table testing

A defect management system shall keep track of the status of every defect registered and enforce the rules about changing these states. If your task is to test the status tracking, which method would be best?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - State transition testing

If a program is tested and 100% condition coverage is achieved, which of the following coverage criteria is then guaranteed to be achieved?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 100% condition coverage and 100% statement coverage

This part of a program is given: - WHILE (condition A) Do B END WHILE

How many decisions should be tested in this code in order to achieve 100% decision coverage?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 2

Why can be tester dependent on configuration management? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -Because configuration management assures that we know the exact version of the testware and the test object

What test items should be put under configuration management?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - The test object, the test material and the test environment

Why is successful test execution automation difficult? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Because the maintenance of the test system is difficult

Which of the following can be the root cause of a bug in a software product?

(I) The project had incomplete procedures for configuration management.

(II) The time schedule to develop a certain component was cut.

(III) The specification was unclear

(IV) Use of the code standard was not followed up

(V) The testers were not certified

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Anwer: - (I) through (IV) are correct

Which of the following is most often considered as components interface bug?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - For two components exchanging data, one component used metric units, the other one used British units

Which of the following project inputs influence testing?

(I) contractual requirements

(II) legal requirements

(III) Industry standards

(IV) application risk

(V) project size

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - All alternatives are correct

If a program is tested and 100% branch coverage is achieved, which of the following coverage criteria is then guaranteed to be achieved?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 100% Condition coverage and 100% Statement coverage

This part of a program is given:- WHILE (condition A) Do B END WHILE

How many paths should be tested in this code in order to achieve 100% path coverage?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Two

What is the purpose of test exit criteria in the test plan?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - To specify when to stop the testing activity

Which of the following items need not be given in an incident report?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - The location and instructions on how to correct the fault

V-Model is: 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - A software development model that illustrates how testing activities integrate with software development phases

Why is incremental integration preferred over “big bang” integration?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Because incremental integration has better early defects screening and isolation

ability

Maintenance testing is: 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Triggered by modifications, migration or retirement of existing

A test engineer is testing a Video Player (VCR), and logs the following report:

Title: Fast Forward stops after 2 minutes. It happens every time

Expected result: Fast forward continues till the end of the tape

Severity: High

Priority: Urgent

What important information did the engineer leave out?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Actual result

Why is it necessary to define a Test Strategy? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Software failure may cause loss of money, time, business reputation, and in extreme cases injury and death. It is therefore critical to have a proper test strategy in place.

A deviation from the specified or expected behavior that is visible to end-users is called:

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - A failure

 

 

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