ISTQB Question Paper 6

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Which of the following is a major task of test planning?

Correct

Well Done... 🙂

Incorrect

Correct Answer: -Determining the test approach.

Which of the following statements is MOST OFTEN true?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Component testing searches for defects in programs that are separately testable.

In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:

An employee has £4000 of salary tax free.

The next £1500 is taxed at 10%.

The next £28000 after that is taxed at 22%.

Any further amount is taxed at 40%.

To the nearest whole pound, which of these groups of numbers fall into three DIFFERENT equivalence classes?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - £4000; £4200; £5600.

Which of the following will NOT be detected by static analysis?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Errors in requirements.

 

Which of the following test activities can be automated?

  1. Reviews and inspections.
  2. Metrics gathering.
  3. Test planning.
  4. Test execution.
  5. Data generation.
Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -2, 4, 5

Which of the following is an objective of a pilot project for the introduction of a testing tool?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Assess whether the benefits will be achieved at reasonable cost.

What is the MAIN purpose of a Master Test Plan? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - To communicate how testing will be performed.

In a REACTIVE approach to testing when would you expect the bulk of the test design work to be begun? 

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -After the software or system has been produced.

What is the objective of debugging?

  1. To localise a defect.
  2. To fix a defect.
  3. To show value.
  4. To increase the range of testing.
Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 1,  2

Given the following decision table

                                                    Rule 1            Rule 2          Rule 3      Rule 4

Conditions

UK resident?                         False             True               True       True

Age between 18 - 55?        Don’t care     False             True       True

Age between 18 - 55?        Don’t care     False             True       True

Smoker?                                Don’t care     Don’t care     False     True

Actions 

Insure client?                     False               False              True       True

Offer 10% discount?        False               False              True       False

What is the expected result for each of the following test cases?

A.TC1: Fred is a 32-year-old smoker resident in London

B.TC3: Jean-Michel is a 65-year non-smoker resident in Paris

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - A – Insure, no discount, B – Don’t insure.

Which of the following are valid objectives for testing?

  1. To find defects.
  2. To gain confidence in the level of quality.
  3. To identify the cause of defects.
  4. To prevent defects.
Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 1, 2 and 4.

The process of designing test cases consists of the following activities:

  1. Elaborate and describe test cases in detail by using test design techniques.
  2. Specify the order of test case execution.
  3. Analyse requirements and specifications to determine test conditions.
  4. Specify expected results.

According to the process of identifying and designing tests, what is the correct order of these activities?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 3, 1, 4, 2.

What is the main purpose of impact analysis for testers?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - To determine how the existing system may be affected by changes.

Which of the following requirements would be tested by a functional system test?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - The system must allow a user to amend the address of a customer.

In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:

An employee has £4000 of salary tax free.

The next £1500 is taxed at 10%.

The next £28000 after that is taxed at 22%.

Any further amount is taxed at 40%.

To the nearest whole pound, which of these is a valid Boundary Value Analysis test case?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - £33501.

Which of the following defines the sequence in which tests should be executed?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Test procedure specification.

Given the following decision table

                                                            Rule 1                Rule 2         Rule 3              Rule

4

Conditions

Frequent Flyer Member                Yes                     Yes               No                     No Class                                                   

 Business Economy

Business Economy

Actions

Offer upgrade to First                     Yes                    No                  No              No

Offer upgrade to Business      N/A                   Yes                 N/A                   No

 

What is the expected result for each of the following test cases?

  1. Frequent flyer member, travelling in Business class
  2. Non-member, travelling in Economy class
Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - A – Offer upgrade to First, B – Don’t offer any upgrade.

During which fundamental test process activity do we determine if MORE tests are needed?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Evaluating test exit criteria.

What is the difference between a project risk and a product risk?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Project risks are the risks that surround the project’s capability to deliver its objectives; product risks are potential failure areas in the software or system.

Given the following specification, which of the following values for age are in the SAME equivalence partition?

If you are less than 18, you are too young to be insured.

Between 18 and 30 inclusive, you will receive a 20% discount.

Anyone over 30 is not eligible for a discount.

Correct

Well Done... 🙂

Incorrect

Correct Answer: - 18, 29, 30.

Considering the following pseudo-code, calculate the MINIMUM number of test cases for statement coverage, and the MINIMUM number of test cases for decision coverage respectively.

READ A

READ B

READ C

IF C>A THEN

IF C>B THEN

PRINT "C must be smaller than at least one number" ELSE

PRINT "Proceed to next stage"

ENDIF

ELSE

PRINT "B can be smaller than C"

ENDIF

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -3, 3.

Which of the following is a benefit of independent testing?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Independent testers see other and different defects, and are unbiased.

Which of the following tools is most likely to contain a comparator?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Test Execution tool.

Given the following State Table:

A B C D E F

SS S1

S1 S2

S2 S3 S1

S3 ES S3

ES

Which of the following represents an INVALID state transition?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -E from State S3.

Which of the following is a characteristic of good testing in any life cycle model?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Each test level has test objectives specific to that level.

Which activity in the fundamental test process includes evaluation of the testability of the requirements and system?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Test analysis and design.

The following statements are used to describe the basis for creating test cases using either black or white box techniques:

  1. information about how the software is constructed.
  2. models of the system, software or components.
  3. analysis of the test basis documentation.
  4. analysis of the internal structure of the components.

Which combination of the statements describes the basis for black box techniques?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -2 and 3

What is typically the MOST important reason to use risk to drive testing efforts?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Because testing everything is not feasible.

Which of the following defines the scope of maintenance testing?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - The size and risk of any change(s) to the system.

Which is the MOST important advantage of independence in testing?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - An independent tester may be more effective at finding defects missed by the person who wrote the software.

For testing, which of the options below best represents the main concerns of Configuration Management?

i.All items of testware are identified and version controlled;

ii.All items of testware are used in the final acceptance test;

iii.All items of testware are stored in a common repository;

iv.All items of testware are tracked for change;

v.All items of testware are assigned to a responsible owner;

vi.All items of testware are related to each other and to development items.

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - i, iv, vi.

Which of the following would be a valid measure of test progress?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Number of test cases not yet executed.

Which of following statements is true? Select ALL correct options Regression testing should be performed:

i.once a month

ii.when a defect has been fixed

iii.when the test environment has changed

iv.when the software has changed

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: -ii, iii and iv.

In which of the following orders would the phases of a formal review usually occur?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Planning, kick off, preparation, meeting, rework, follow up.

Which of the following are valid objectives for incident reports?

i.Provide developers and other parties with feedback about the problem to enable identification, isolation and correction as necessary.

ii.Provide ideas for test process improvement.

iii.Provide a vehicle for assessing tester competence.

iv.Provide testers with a means of tracking the quality of the system under test.

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - i, ii, iv.

Consider the following techniques. Which are static and which are dynamic techniques?

i.Equivalence Partitioning.

ii.Use Case Testing.

iii.Data Flow Analysis.

iv.Exploratory Testing.

v.Decision Testing.

vi.Inspections.

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - iii and vi are static, i, ii, iv and v are dynamic.

Why are static testing and dynamic testing described as complementary?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Because they share the aim of identifying defects but differ in the types of defect they find.

Which of the following are disadvantages of capturing tests by recording the actions of a manual tester?

i.The script may be unstable when unexpected events occur.

ii.Data for a number of similar tests are automatically stored separately from the script.

iii.Expected results must be added to the captured script.

iv.The captured script documents the exact inputs entered by the tester.

v.When replaying a captured test, the tester may need to debug the script if it doesn’t play correctly.

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - i, iii, iv, v.

Which of the following is determined by the level of product risk identified?

Correct

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Incorrect

Correct Answer: - Extent of testing.

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