What Are The Need Of Alpha Testing And Beta Testing In Software Testing


Alpha Testing

Alpha testing takes place at the developer’s site, before unleash software to external customers.Developers observe the users and note issues.

It is testing of associate application once development is on the brink of complete and minor design changes will still be created as a result of alpha testing.

Alpha testing is final testing before the software is released to the overall public.


Alpha Testing has two phases:

1. 1st part of alpha testing, the software is tested by in-house developers. The goal is to catch bugs quickly.

2. 2nd phase of alpha testing, the software is handed over to the software QA staff, for added testing associate environment that’s the same as the supposed use..

 Beta Testing

Beta Testing is additionally referred to as field testing. It takes place at the end user’s site by the end users to validate the usability, functionality, practicality, compatibility, and reliability testing. It is thought-about “pre-release testing.”

Beta testing is additionally typically stated as user acceptance testing (UAT) or End user testing.

Beta Testing has two type:

  • Open Beta Testing: – This sort is from a bigger Cluster to the overall public and anyone interested, and report any bugs that they realize, and additionally counsel further options for a final version.
  • Close Beta Testing: – This sort of testing is released to a choose cluster of individuals for a user test and area unit invite solely.

Difference Between Alpha and Beta Testing

Alpha Testing

Beta Testing

It is invariably performed by the developers at the software development site.

It is invariably performed by the customers at their own site.

It is also performed by Independent Testing Team.

It is not performed by Independent Testing Team.

It is always performed in Virtual Environment.

It is performed in Real-Time Environment.

It is involving both the white box and black box techniques.

It is typically used as black box testing.

It is to ensure the quality of the product before moving to Beta testing.

It also concentrates on quality of the product, but gathers users input on the product and ensures that the product is ready for real time users.

It is not open to the market and public.

It is always open to the market and public.

Reliability and security testing are not performed in-depth.

Reliability, Security, Robustness are checked.

“Related post”

Software Development life cycle

Software Testing Life Cycle

Test Case Documentation

Alpha and Beta Testing

Regression Testing

Smoke and Sanity Testing

Software Testing

Validation and Verification


Entry and Exit Criteria in software testing

Integration Testing 

Automation Testing

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